Coordination & Planning


Staff and other resources help an institution organize, implement, and publicize sustainability initiatives. These resources provide the infrastructure that fosters sustainability within an institution. Sustainability planning affords an institution the opportunity to clarify its vision of a sustainable future, establish priorities and help guide budgeting and decision making.

2373 resources

MIT Climate Resiliency Initiative

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MA)

MIT’s Climate Resiliency initiative was launched in 2016 as a multifaceted, collaborative effort centered on preparing the campus community in collaboration with the City of Cambridge for the impacts ...

Embedding Sustainability in Interdisciplinary Pedagogy for Planning and Design Studios

  • Universite Libre de Bruxelles (Brussels Region)
  • University of Melbourne (Victoria)

Sustainability literacy should be embedded in built environment higher education. We explored the contribution of interdisciplinary studios to students’ sustainability literacy. We ran a studio with Urban Planning and Landscape ...

Exploring the consistency of ethical perceptions by business and economics higher education students: Looking from academia towards the corporate world

  • Universidade do Porto
  • University of Minho

Understanding how business and economics higher education students ethically appraise corporate behaviour nowadays may contribute to anticipating how they will behave in the future as corporate actors and leaders. At ...

“A new understanding and appreciation for the marvel of growing things”: exploring the college farm’s contribution to transformative learning

  • Eastern Kentucky University (KY)

Campus farms and gardens can play a vital role in offering experiential and transformative learning opportunities for students in higher education. Many faculty believe that experiential education in food systems ...

Campuses as living labs for sustainability problem-solving: trends, triumphs, and traps

  • Princeton University (NJ)

Colleges and universities around the world are increasingly using their campuses as living laboratories for sustainability problem-solving and engagement. “Campus-as-lab” (CAL) projects emphasize experiential learning and campus sustainability through the ...

Toward a Healthy and Environmentally Sustainable Campus Food Environment: A Scoping Review of Postsecondary Food Interventions

  • University of Waterloo (ON)

Interventions are urgently needed to transform the food system and shift population eating patterns toward those consistent with human health and environmental sustainability. Postsecondary campuses offer a naturalistic setting to ...

A study of development mode in green campus to realize the sustainable development goals

  • Zhejiang University
  • University of Kitakyushu (Fukuoka)

The purpose of this paper is to focus on the way to achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs). Through the introduction and learning of a specific case, this paper summarizes ...

Sustainability worldviews of marketing academics: A segmentation analysis and implications for professional development

  • University of Canterbury
  • University of Auckland

The epistemology of the business school has been argued to be a large barrier towards the integration of sustainability in education and research. This research aims to shed light on ...

A sustainability internship program: strategies for creating student stewards for sustainability

  • Western Michigan University (MI)

The purpose of this paper is to explore the strategies and an effective model for creating and implementing a sustainability internship program at a university campus.

Effective Community-Academic Partnerships on Climate Change Adaption and Mitigation: Results of a European Delphi Study

  • University of Vechta

The effects of anthropogenic climate change have become increasingly prevalent. There is thus a need both to prevent climate change or soften its effects (mitigation) and to address and deal ...

Framing the role of higher education in sustainable development: a case study analysis

  • Zayed University
  • Cairo University

Higher education institutions (HEIs) should play a fundamental role in achieving the international 2030 sustainable development (SD) agenda. Quality education is the fourth of the sustainable development goals (SDGs), and ...

Place-based inquiry in a university course abroad: lessons about education for sustainability in the urban outdoors

  • James Madison University (VA)

This paper aims to present the case of a semester-long study-abroad education class in Italy. This course explored place-based methods that classroom teachers (K-12) might use to connect students’ outdoor ...

Learning to survive: Wicked problem education for the Anthropocene age

  • University of South Florida (FL)

This article addresses major lacunae in higher education from the standpoint of Anthropocenic survival. Wicked problems transcend national, cultural and disciplinary boundaries. Eco-survival, international migration, destabilized global markets, shifts in ...

Guide to Estimating Multi-Modal Commuting Greenhouse Gas Emissions

  • University of Illinois Chicago (IL)

A greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory is emerging as the preferred tool used to address a climate action plan. It enables an institution to measure progress toward desired goals, including reducing ...

Student food insecurity and the social equity pillar of campus sustainability

  • University of Kansas (KS)

Abstract Purpose

College and university campuses serve as a vital test bed for sustainability solutions of various types. To date, though, campus sustainability efforts have focused more on the environmental ...

Campus Sustainability Plans: A Descriptive Analysis of Sustainability Plans from Institutions of Higher Education in the United States

  • Texas State University, San Marcos (TX)

As the sustainability movement gains traction around the globe, institutions of higher education are increasingly being looked to for leadership. One established method of improving a campus’s environmental, economic ...

Assessing water literacy at a primarily undergraduate university in Ohio

  • Malone College (OH)

As the impacts of water quality on human health become better understood, universities have an opportunity to equip students to become more informed and responsible citizens. We define water literacy ...

Tools for assessing sustainability in service operations in higher education institutions

  • Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná

The objective is to analyze sustainability practices in service operations in three Higher Education Institutions of the Federal Network of Professional, Scientific and Technological Education in Brazil through a developed ...

Sustainability-oriented labs in real-world contexts: An exploratory review

  • Chalmers University of Technology

There are growing claims that meaningfully engaging with complex sustainability challenges requires change of a systemic nature. In governing transitions to sustainability, laboratories in real world contexts are growing in ...

Impact of a University Environmental Sustainability Strategy on Employees

  • University of Waterloo (ON)

The ever-growing trend of campus sustainability, coupled with pressure from external stakeholders (competitor actions, government regulations, etc.) induces organizations to adopt sustainability and its triple bottom line framework to enhance ...

Influence of landscape management practices on urban greenhouse gas budgets

  • Boston University (MA)
  • Brown University (RI)

With a lack of United States federal policy to address climate change, cities, the private sector, and universities have shouldered much of the work to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) and ...

City-University Partnerships in Implementing the UN Sustainable Development Goals at a Local Level

  • University of British Columbia (BC)

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is regarded as a triumph of multilateralism. The Agenda lays out 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that aim to provide a shared blueprint for ...

Student perceptions of reflection and the acquisition of higher-order thinking skills in a university sustainability course

  • McMaster University (ON)

Sustainability challenges are complex and call for the effective development of knowledge, skills, and abilities in current and new leaders. New offerings in higher education provide sustainability training to complement ...

Can public universities play a role in fostering seed sovereignty?

  • University of British Columbia (BC)
  • University of Toronto (ON)

Across Canada and the United States, public universities were founded with a mission to contribute to broad societal well-being. Yet, the capacity of public research institutions to develop and disseminate ...

The Neuroscience Community Has a Role in Environmental Conservation

  • University of South Dakota (SD)

We previously argued that the neuroscience community has a role in environmental conservation because protection of biodiversity and the specialized behavioral adaptions of animals is essential to understanding brain structure ...

Education to transform the world: limits and possibilities in and against the SDGs and ESD

  • Oslo Metropolitan University

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a significant marker in global efforts to universalise a conception of ecologically sustainable human development. SDG 4’s expanded vision of quality ...

Sustainability practices in Spanish higher education institutions: An overview of status and implementation

  • Gävle University College
  • Carlos III University of Madrid

Higher education institutions have been steadily progressing towards the integration of sustainable practices in their university system. Consequently, an increasing number of these institutions have recognized their responsibility and are ...

Experimenting with sustainability education: the case of a student-driven campus initiative in Finland

  • Aalto University

Experiments are deemed not only useful, but necessary in sustainability transformation to enhance local decision-making. This is especially apparent in Finland where national government programmes and city administrations promote sustainability ...

Education, anthropocentrism, and interspecies sustainability: confronting institutional anxieties in omnicidal times

  • University of Gothenburg

Deborah Britzman’s remarkable question, ‘What holds education back?’, appears more urgent than ever in a world of accelerating environmental crises, climate change, and what has been described as omnicide ...

Conference spaces as emotional sites for becoming campus sustainability leaders

  • University of Vermont (VT)

This paper applies a feminist political ecology approach to ask: How do sustainability in higher education (SHE) conference events co-produce the subjectivities and expertise of campus sustainability professionals (CSPs) emotionally ...

Worry and Hope: What College Students Know, Think, Feel, and Do about Climate Change

  • University of Hawaii System Office (HI)

“Colleges and universities can only thrive if society and the biosphere are healthy. Any institution that is so shortsighted as to pursue its ends without taking into account the interests ...

Carbon footprinting of universities worldwide: Part I—objective comparison by standardized metrics

  • Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)
  • Trier University of Applied Sciences

Background Universities, as innovation drivers in science and technology worldwide, should be leading the Great Transformation towards a carbon–neutral society and many have indeed picked up the challenge. However ...

Funding Campus Sustainability through a Green Fee—Estimating Students’ Willingness to Pay

  • Manhattan College (NY)

Many higher education institutions promote sustainability by instilling environmental awareness within college students, the innovators of the future. As higher education institutions face budgetary constraints to achieve greener campuses, green ...

  • Posted April 23, 2021
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Universities’ Reporting on SDGs: Using THE Impact Rankings to Model and Measure Their Contribution to Sustainability

  • Universitat Politècnica de València (Valencia)
  • Polytechnic University of Milan
  • Universitat de València

Higher education institutions (HEIs) have voiced growing concerns about sustainability issues since Agenda 2030 was approved, but this is not enough for societal stakeholders seeking and delivering innovation and excellence ...

  • Posted April 23, 2021
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Identifying and addressing reverse salients in infrastructural change. The case of a small zero emission campus in Southern Norway

  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the relevance and use of the concept “reverse salient” in ambitious infrastructural change. Thomas Hughes, in his seminal study of socio-technical ...

  • Posted April 22, 2021
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A scoping review of policies promoting and supporting sustainable food systems in the university setting

  • University of Sydney (NSW)

Background Transitioning towards sustainable food systems for the health of the population and planet will require governments and institutions to develop effective governance to support the adoption of sustainable food ...

  • Posted April 22, 2021
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Exploring transformative pedagogies for built environment disciplines: the case of interdisciplinarity in low carbon transition

  • Oxford Brookes University

The integration of transformative pedagogies into curricula is recognized as a strategy to deal with the new demands of complexity in learning, which include equipping future professionals with the necessary ...

  • Posted April 22, 2021
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Measuring environmental website communications in Latin American universities: multimodal and ecolinguistic benchmarking

  • Universidad De Alcalá

This paper aims to explore the current state of website environmental communications in Latin American universities through a benchmarking operational tool. The study considers how these universities communicate their environmental ...

  • Posted April 22, 2021
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A case study on the suitability of STARS for green campus in China

  • Zhejiang University

With the continuous development of China's green campus, its future construction should learn from foreign advanced development experience and achievements. On the one hand, STARS, a global advanced green ...

  • Posted April 22, 2021
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Students as change agents for campus sustainability in Malaysian universities

  • University of Malaya

The notion of students as change agents have widely been used in the campus sustainability literature, but very little has been done to unpack what it really means in practice ...

  • Posted April 21, 2021
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Sustainable economic development in higher education institutions: A global analysis within the SDGs framework

  • Universidad de Almería (Almeria)

Universities must focus their efforts on being economically competitive without harming the chances of being sustainable. The study of sustainable economic development (SED) of higher education institutions (HEIs) has experienced ...

  • Posted April 21, 2021
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DEI and Social/Environmental Justice Planning at University Sustainability Offices

  • Tufts University (MA)

This document is a memo written by an intern at the Tufts Office of Sustainability. The memo benchmarks 22 institutions of higher learning, noting the plans and initiatives that related ...

  • Posted April 21, 2021
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Which Are the Main Factors Influencing Corporate Social Responsibility Information Disclosures on Universities’ Websites

  • Universidad de Granada

Universities are now becoming more active in the field of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Nevertheless, they do not appear to be granting the same degree of importance to the dissemination ...

  • Posted April 8, 2021
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Developing a Practical Framework of Sustainability Indicators Relevant to All Higher Education Institutions to Enable Meaningful International Rankings

  • University of Limerick

Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) sustainability assessments are receiving significant attention in the academic literature, with ever more complex grading and ranking systems being developed. This paper aims to provide national ...

  • Posted April 8, 2021
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Hybrid method for measuring the accessibility and safety of students’ walking routes in car-dominated campuses

  • King Abdulaziz University

Creating a systematic, simple, and inexpensive method to measure walking route accessibility and safety is important for improving walkability in car-dominated university campuses. This study is the first to design ...

  • Posted April 8, 2021
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Community-based climate action planning as an act of advocacy: a case study of liberal arts education in a rural community

  • Colgate University (NY)

The current lack of comprehensive federal climate policy highlights the critical need for effective subnational climate policy and programs. We describe our efforts to create and cultivate a community-based multi-stakeholder ...

  • Posted April 8, 2021
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Exploring the coverage of environmental-dimension indicators in existing campus sustainability appraisal tools

  • The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Despite the plethora of comprehensive review of campus sustainability assessment tools, reporting, and indicators in the extant literature, studies are absent specifically on campus-wide and spatial-based indicators in existing tools ...

  • Posted April 8, 2021
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A Holistic Approach to Integrate and Evaluate Sustainable Development in Higher Education. The Case Study of the University of the Basque Country

  • University of the Basque Country

Since the United Nations (UN) approved the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development in 2015, higher education institutions have increasingly demonstrated their commitment by supporting several initiatives. Although a great deal ...

  • Posted April 8, 2021
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The incoherence of sustainability literacy assessed with the Sulitest

  • Elon University (NC)
  • Northern Illinois University (IL)
  • University of California, Santa Barbara (CA)

Improving sustainability knowledge has long been central to international efforts to achieve sustainable development. In response to these efforts, which are formalized in Target 4.7 of the Sustainable Development ...

  • Posted April 8, 2021
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Sustainability practices at private universities: a state-of-the-art assessment

  • University of Passo Fundo
  • Universidade Federal de Vicosa
  • College of Charleston (SC)
  • Universidade NOVA de Lisboa
  • University of A Coruña (a Coruña)
  • University of Worcester
  • University of Minho
  • Pompeu Fabra University
  • Hamburg University of Applied Sciences

Private universities also play a key role in the sustainability debate. But despite their importance, there a shortage of research on how sustainability is being implemented at private universities. Based ...

  • Posted April 8, 2021
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This tab provides access to data collected through AASHE’s Sustainability Tracking, Assessment & Rating System™ (STARS). STARS is a transparent, self-reporting framework for colleges and universities to measure their sustainability performance. STARS enables meaningful comparisons over time and across institutions using a common set of measurements developed with broad participation from the campus sustainability community. Additional content and advanced benchmarking tools will be added to this tab over time.

Benchmarking Data

The following links connect to specific Content Displays on the STARS website (AASHE membership and log-in required).

Programs and Initiatives

The following links connect to specific Content Displays on the STARS website (AASHE membership and log-in required).


The following link connects to the Score Display on the STARS website (AASHE membership and log-in required).

Coordination & Planning Partners