The degrees of Master of Science (M.S.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) are also offered in geophysics. Geophysics includes all areas of scientific inquiry that deal with the interpretation of largely indirect observations concerning the physical state of the interior and dynamic physical processes that act within the planets. Sedimentary basins, petroleum systems, tectonically active zones, volcanic regions, the seafloor, the deep interior and the core, and the near-surface critical zone all lie within the province of the geophysicist. To work effectively in any of these areas requires considerable depth and breadth of understanding of both physical and geological principles as well as proficiency in applied mathematics and computational techniques. Thorough undergraduate training in an earth or physical science is ordinarily regarded as a necessary prerequisite for advanced study.
The Master of Science (MS) curriculum is designed to develop new understanding through research and creativity. Students have the option to pursue a thesis or non-thesis Master of Science degree.