International & Development Economics Joint Degree (MA)
Natural resources are important to economic development. Basic industries depend on forests, water, minerals, and hydrocarbons. Without careful management, the byproducts of development can despoil local environments, with consequent costs to public health, quality of life, and even further development itself. Natural resources and environmental concerns also play an increasingly important role in the relationships among developing and economically advanced nations. Since 1984, Yale has offered a course of study that integrates instruction in economic development and in natural resources. The two-and-a-half-year program leads to both the Master of Arts degree in Economics from Yale’s Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and one of four degrees from the School of Forestry & Environmental Studies (Master of Environmental Management, Environmental Science, Forestry, or Forest Science). The program is designed for individuals whose careers will focus on the interplay between natural resource or environmental issues and economic development or trade.